What Is Driving Lifestyle Renter Demand?

Lifestyle renters — those who have the means to own but prefer to rent or are willing to pay more for apartments with amenities — have become a key driver of rental demand in single-family rental homes, build-to-rent communities, and other types of high-quality multifamily housing. With this small yet influential demographic growing, our research teams examine and explain the factors driving lifestyle renter demand.


Build-to-Rent Well-Positioned to Fill Housing Market Gap

With nearly one-fifth of multifamily properties now over 65 years old, it’s time to consider solutions for rejuvenating the rental housing stock in the U.S. While building rehabs are a tried-and-true solution, build-to-rent (BTR) is an alternative that is well-positioned to expand as Americans increasingly favor renting over homeownership.


U.S. Added 514,000 New Rental Households in 2023

In a year when inflation and elevated interest rates weakened affordability, the rental housing sector strengthened and expanded. An analysis of newly released U.S. Census Bureau Housing Vacancies and Homeownership data shows the number of rental households climbed in 2023.

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Build-to-Rent Construction Starts Surge to New High in 2023

Over the last decade, single-family rental (SFR) operators have been increasingly focusing on build-to-rent (BTR) development as the needs and preferences of renters have shifted. As explored in the latest Arbor Single-Family Rental Investment Trends Report, SFR/BTR development has surged at a time when new, for-sale, single-family home starts have declined.

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MBS as Tax-Exempt Bond Collateral (M.TEB) – Fixed Rate

Arbor’s MBS as Tax-Exempt Bond Collateral (M.TEB) – Fixed Rate issues MBS that can be used as collateral for either
(i) existing fixed-rate bond refundings, or (ii) new fixed-rate bond issues in conjunction with 4% Low-Income Housing Tax
Credits (LIHTC).

  • Faster closings with our unique delegated model.
  • Declining prepayment options or yield maintenance.
  • Interest-only is available.
  • Guaranteed direct pass-through of principal and interest is more attractive to bond buyers.
  • Multifamily Affordable Housing properties.
  • Loans underwritten to Fannie Mae Guide Requirements for tax-exempt bonds.
  • Refundings or new issues with in-place rehab.
  • Immediate delivery or standby forward commitment.
Loan Term 10-30 years.
Amortization Up to 35 years.
Maximum LTV
  • 90% for 4% LIHTC properties with at least 90% of the units meeting affordability requirements.
  • 85% for 4% LIHTC properties with fewer than 90% of the units meeting affordability requirements.
  • 80% for refundings.
Minimum DSCR
  • 1.15x for 4% LIHTC properties with at least 90% of the units meeting affordability requirements
  • 1.20x for 4% LIHTC properties with fewer than 90% of the units meeting affordability requirements for refundings.
Issuer and Trustee Fees Loan sizing must include underwriting of the Issuer and Trustee Fees; however, Issuer and Trustee Fees will be paid directly by borrower and are not enhanced or passed through by Fannie Mae.
Mandatory or Optional Redemption Feature No separate mandatory or optional redemptions outside of the MBS structure.
Prepayment Availability Flexible prepayment options available, including yield maintenance and declining prepayment premium.
Bond Payments Principal and interest payments will be based on a monthly schedule in accordance with the terms of the MBS and will flow through the bond trustee for payment to the bondholder. Payments of principal and interest under the MBS are paid in arrears on the 25th of the month based on the prior month’s accrual; payment to the bondholder occurs on the following business day.
Tax-Exempt to Taxable Conversion Feature If there is a single bondholder, and subject to Issuer consent, the bondholder may pursue an option to redeem tax-exempt bonds and hold the MBS directly.
For 4% LIHTC transactions, this redemption cannot occur prior to the Placed-in-
Service date.
Loan Documents Documented on Fannie Mae loan documents; Issuer must utilize the Fannie Mae form Indenture.
Third-Party Subordinate Financing Hard subordinate debt (which requires scheduled repayment of principal) is permitted only if provided by a public, quasi-public, or not-for-profit lender and combined debt service coverage cannot fall below 1.05x. Soft subordinate debt is permitted subject to requirements which include capping payments at 75% of available property cash flow after payment of senior liens and property operating expenses.
Recourse Non-recourse execution is with standard carve-outs for “bad acts” such as fraud and bankruptcy.
Escrows Replacement reserve, tax, and insurance escrows are typically required.
Third-Party Reports Standard third-party reports required, including Appraisal, Phase I Environmental Site Assessment, and Property Condition Assessment.


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