Current Reports

Affordable Housing Trends Report Spring 2024

As housing costs spiral, rental affordability has become a more urgent issue, burdening a greater number of Americans. Arbor’s Affordable Housing Trends Report Spring 2024, developed in partnership with Chandan Economics, examines the major policies and programs shaping the marketplace at a time when overdue federal funding expansions have increased agency budgets.

Articles

What Is Driving Lifestyle Renter Demand?

Lifestyle renters — those who have the means to own but prefer to rent or are willing to pay more for apartments with amenities — have become a key driver of rental demand in single-family rental homes, build-to-rent communities, and other types of high-quality multifamily housing. With this small yet influential demographic growing, our research teams examine and explain the factors driving lifestyle renter demand.

Articles

Build-to-Rent Well-Positioned to Fill Housing Market Gap

With nearly one-fifth of multifamily properties now over 65 years old, it’s time to consider solutions for rejuvenating the rental housing stock in the U.S. While building rehabs are a tried-and-true solution, build-to-rent (BTR) is an alternative that is well-positioned to expand as Americans increasingly favor renting over homeownership.

Articles

U.S. Added 514,000 New Rental Households in 2023

In a year when inflation and elevated interest rates weakened affordability, the rental housing sector strengthened and expanded. An analysis of newly released U.S. Census Bureau Housing Vacancies and Homeownership data shows the number of rental households climbed in 2023.

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General: 800.ARBOR.10

FHA® 223(f):

REFINANCE, ACQUISITION, OR MODERATE RENOVATION

Arbor provides FHA-insured, long-term, fixed-rate financing for refinance, acquisition or moderate renovation of multifamily projects nationwide. Arbor uses the single-stage Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP) Program to expedite underwriting and approval.

Loan Term & Amortization Up to 35 years, not to exceed 75% of the remaining economic life (Fully Amortizing).
Minimum DSCR 1.176x for Market Rate properties, or LIHTC restricted whose rents are < 10% below market; 1.15x for LIHTC restricted properties with rents at least 10% below market; 1.11x for properties having at least 90% rental assistance contracts.
Maximum Loan to Value/Acquisition Cost 85% for Market Rate properties, or LIHTC restricted whose rents are < 10% below market; 87% for LIHTC restricted properties with rents at least 10% below market; 90% for projects with 90% or greater Rental Assistance.
Fixed Rate Yes
Eligible Properties Existing Multifamily projects at least three years old. Detached structures and row houses eligible. Market rate, low-to-moderate income and subsidized multifamily properties.
Eligible Borrower Single Asset Entity (for profit or non-profit).
Occupancy Requirement Average 85% occupancy for the 6 months prior to HUD application submission. Maximum economic underwriting occupancy of:

  • 93% for market rate properties (i.e. at least 20% market rate units, or LIHTC whose rents are < 10% below market rents).
  • 95% for LIHTC restrictions on at least 80% of units at rents at least 10% below market.
  • 97% for properties having at least 90% rental assistance, or 90% LIHTC set aside with rents at least 10% below market.
Cash Out Cash out allowed when 80% of value exceeds existing debt plus transaction costs, but only 50% of the net cash will be released at closing. The remaining 50% will be held in escrow until all required repairs are completed. A potential waiver is available to reduce holdback to 25%.
Tax & Insurance Escrows Monthly deposits required.
Recourse Non-recourse, subject to HUD Regulatory Agreement.
Commercial Space Maximum 25% of net rentable area and maximum 20% of effective gross income; minimum 10% underwritten vacancy.
Required Reports Borrower is responsible for all required report costs, included but not limited to: Appraisal, Market Study, Environmental Phase I, Phase II (if applicable), and PCNA. Pre-1978 properties may require lead-based paint and asbestos- containing material testing. Projects 30 years of age or older may require additional testing. Costs can be reimbursed from loan proceeds at closing.
Prepayment Typically 10% year 1, declining 1% per year. Other pre-payment options available subject to market conditions.
Assumable Subject to Arbor and HUD approval and payment of assumption fee.
Good Faith Deposit Negotiable based on project type and loan size.
Expense Escrow Yes – sufficient to cover Arbor’s expenses and third-party report costs.
Origination Fee Negotiable
HUD Application Fee Non-refundable fee of $3 per $1,000 (0.3%) of the mortgage amount due to HUD upon application submission.
HUD Inspection Fee $30 per unit when repairs are less than $3,000 per unit. If above $3,000 per unit, 1% of the total cost of the repairs.
Legal/Closing Fee Borrower pays Arbor’s Counsel Fee and miscellaneous closing costs.
Rehabilitation Qualifications Repairs cannot exceed $15,000 per unit (adjusted for local high-cost factor). Repairs/replacements are also limited to one major building component.
Davis Bacon Not applicable to this program.
HUD Mortgage Insurance Premium HUD sets the cost of the FHA Insurance. The initial MIP is 1% of the loan amount due to HUD at closing. Annual MIP rates:

  • Market Rate Properties: 0.60%
  • Affordable Properties: 0.35%
  • Broadly Affordable or Energy Efficient Properties: 0.25%
  • “Green” energy efficiency achievement): 0.25%

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